FIFA World Cup 2006 in Cologne: Metropolitan Governance of a major event. An empirical study of control and coordination structures by network analysis
Researcher Prof. Dr. Thomas Jäger, Dipl.-Geogr. Christoph Hagen
Project Description Major events are becoming increasingly important for the development and the perception of cities. Cities are interested in hosting not only exhibitions, cultural events (such as the European Capital of Culture) and church congresses (such as the World Youth Day) but also international sports events such as the Olympic Games or various World and European championships. The FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany – the world’s largest sports event – creates high expectations regarding positive economic momentum and an enhanced image on both the national and the local level.

Control and coordination are particularly demanding challenges when organizing a major event. The host cities of the FIFA World Cup 2006 have to provide efficient infrastructure as well as security and disaster management services. In order to coordinate the multiplicity of different actors (FIFA, different ministries on federal and state level, federations and associations as well as private companies) it will be necessary to develop new instruments of control. The lack of routines within the newly composed planning teams and the involvement of different management levels will jeopardise a smooth operation.

The aim of the research project is to analyse the operation of control and coordination structures of the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Cologne. With this example the change of political-administrative processes on a local level will be examined. The analytical emphasis is placed on the cross-linking structures of the actors involved in the preparation and execution of the World Cup. It is hoped that by analysing the network structures it will be possible to gain insight into patterns of governance as well as the expectations and interests that have influenced the planning process.

Two networks will be surveyed and examined methodically: first, Cologne´s elite network representing those who are considerably involved in the development of urban politics; second, the actor network "WM 2006 Cologne", which includes all actors responsible for preparing and executing the World Cup in Cologne. The relevant actors will be identified by a combined approach of media, position, and reputation analysis.

The central research questions of the project are as follows:
  • Which actors are involved in the planning, preparation and execution of the FIFA World Cup 2006? How are the actors connected? Which structural characteristics do these networks exhibit?
  • Which conflicts of interest have become evident?
  • Which new instruments of control and cooperation are being developed? How do they work?
  • Which new decision-making structures have emerged?
  • What is the relationship between Cologne´s elite network and the actor network "WM 2006 Cologne"?
The relational data needed for our network analysis will be collected with a standardized questionnaire. After completing a quantitative analysis of the characteristics and structures of the network, we will conduct in-depth interviews with selected actors in order to obtain qualitative data.
Funding The Centre for Empirical Research in the Economic and Social Sciences (CERESS) supports the project. The first phase is aimed at identifying the network actors and at completing an application for further funding.
  • Network Analysis
  • Media Analysis
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